- physical activity 体育活动
- job market 工作市场
- get prepared for all changes 为各种改变做准备
- work overtime 加班
- perfor mall tasks 完成各项任务
- leisure time 空闲时间
People nowadays are busy and do not have time to do physical activity. The job market is intensely competitive, pushing people to study or work hard to get prepared for all changes. Students are always busy with their homework while working parents work overtime to perform all tasks. They do not have leisure time to do exercise.
- sports facilities 运动设施
- primary cause 主要原因
- population explosion 人口爆炸
- housing development住房开发
- sedentary lifestyle久坐不动的生活方式
The lack of access to sports facilities is another primary cause of inactivity. Population explosion has driven city planners to use a majority of space in cities for housing development, leaving little room for
parks, open spaces and sports centres. Without the access to safe places well-equipped to support sport
and physical activities, people would stay at home and maintain their sedentary lifestyle
inactive lifestyle 懒散的生活方式 be more willing to 更愿意去做 play computer games 玩电脑游 戏 watch videos on the phone 看手机视频 beneficial to health 对健康有益
Technology is another factor contributing to an inactive lifestyle . Computers and phones are more common in people’s lives, and people might be more willing to spend time in playing computer games and watching videos on the phone. These activities can use the leisure time which can otherwise be spent in activities beneficial to health.
- increase the awareness 提高意识
- has a close relationship with 有很大关系
- sport can combat obesity 运动可以减肥
- lower stress levels减轻压力
- boost confidence提高自信心
- gentel exercise 轻松的运动
- make a huge difference很大的改变
The first method to encourage people to do sports is to increase the awareness of the advantages of doing sports. Some people do not realise that doing sports has a close relationship with their physical and mental health. Nor do they have a good idea what an inactive lifestyle entails. The government can put some videos online showing sport can combat obesity, lower stress levels and boost confidence. Even gentle exercise like walking every day can make a huge difference to one’s physical condition. This will encourage people to exercise more regularly.
- promote healthy living 促进健康生活
- swimming pools 游泳池
- soccor fields 足球场
- tennis courts网球场
- jogging inthe park在公园慢跑
- follow the suit跟着做
Moreover, to promote healthy living, sports facilities need to be well-built and prepared to support them. If swimming pools, soccer fields, tennis courts and all other sports facilities are readily accessible
in every community, people are more likely to make sport part of their daily lives. If they see neighbours and friends jogging in the park and playing soccer, they would possibly follow the suit.
- host an international sports event 举办国际体育活动
- sports centres 体育中心
- transport facilities 交 通设施
- generate employment 创造就业机会
- increase tourism revenue 提高旅游业收入
- sports fans 体育粉丝
- watch games and competitions 看比赛
- a source of income 收入来源
Countries join the race to host an international sports event since they are confident in the economic benefits. Holding an event normally means increasing the investment in infrastructure, such as arenas, sports centres and transport facilities, which can generate employment. It can also increase tourism
revenue, as sports fans from different countries would gather to watch games and competitions. The
money they spend during their trips is a source of income for numerous businesses, small or large.
- national pride 民族自豪高
- promote social unity 提高社会团结
- win the bid 竞标成功
- economic prowess经济实力雄厚
Hosting an international sports event is a source of national pride and can help promote social unity. People are proud of winning the bid to host a significant event, which can show their economic
prowess. Meanwhile, the performance of athletes in those events, especially when winning medals,
boosts citizens’ pride in their motherland. They may have different political views or they may be from
diverse ethnic backgrounds, but a sports event can distract attention from their differences. They stay
united to support athletes.
- the general public 普罗大众
- a household name 家喻户哓的名字
- role model 榜样
- sing national anthems 唱国歌
- athletically talented 有运动天分
- start the sport career 开始运动生涯
- recieve acclaims 受到赞杨
- national heros 民族英雄
- develop an intense interest in sport 对运动产生极大的兴趣
A sports event is also a valuable opportunity to promote sports among the general public. Sport stars who win medals and championships can become a household name overnight and the role model for young people. The exciting moments of celebrating their achievements and singing national anthems
are repeated broadcast in the media. Young people who are athletically talented may choose to play
sport and start the sport career at some point in the future, as they intend to receive acclaims as national heroes. Other people may not pursue a career in sport, but they will possibly develop an intense interest in sport as they see the positive impact of physical training on one’s fitness and appearance.
promote peace, political conflicts
International events can promote peace as countries would ignore political conflicts during events. 提高国际地位，吸引外国投资，让外国人知道一个国家具备的实力
in the international community, at the international stage, economic prowess, attract investment
Successfully hosting an event can attract investment as it shows the economic prowess of the host country in the international community.
- a waste of money 浪费钱
- turn out to be 结果变成
- white elephants 累養物
- opening ceremony 开幕式
- increase the budget 增加预算
- train sports professionals 训练运动员
- in an attempt to 尝试
- address the basic needs of the public 解决公众的基本需求
However, spending more money on international sports events might be a waste of money for the government. The sports complexes built for the event will turn out to be white elephants, once the event ends. Some countries may spend lavishly on the opening ceremony, which is sometimes considered to be unnecessary. The government also increases the budget for training sports professionals in an attempt to boost their performance in events, but it remains yet to be seen whether this amount of money can be spent in addressing the basic needs of the public, such as healthcare.
cause a loss, white elephants
Holding events like Olympics can cause a financial loss, and many facilities turn out be white elephants.
security issues, prevent terrorist attacks
Security issues are also a headache. The government should tighten security to prevent terrorist attacks. 运动员为了好的成绩，使用禁药，过分接受培训，导致受伤 doping, use drugs, banned substances, improve performance
Athletes use drugs and banned substances to improve performance. They train hard but get injured. 运动员的奢华生活会影响年轾人，年轻人甚至模仿运动员不好的行为（譬如说吸毒） extravagant lifestyles, copy behavior
Extravagant lifestyles can set a bad example to young people, who can copy behaviour of athletes.
Sports events can become platforms for people to show their political views. Political boycotts happen from time to time.